References:

  1. Workbook for Designing, Implementing, and evaluating a sharps injury prevention program https://www.cdc.gov/Sharpssafety/appendixE.html
  2. Preventing Needlestick Injuries in Health Care Settings https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2000-108/pdfs/2000-108.pdf?id=10.26616/NIOSHPUB2000108
  3. Jagger, J., et al., “Direct Costs of Follow-up for Percutaneaous and Mucocutaneous Exposure to Body Fluids: Data from Two Hospitals,” Advances in Exposure Prevention 3 (1998): 25-3
  4. Survey of the prevalence of immunization non-compliance due to needle fears in children and adults.” Taddio A, Ipp M, Thivakaran S, et al. Vaccine 2012; 30;4807-4812 Web.
  5. Used needles are considered toxic waste and the cost of disposing them is rising rapidly. Health-care waste, Fact sheet N°253, November 2015, World Health Organization, n.d. Web.
  6. More Comfort for Patience, More Compliance for Practitioners
    Survey of the prevalence of immunization non-compliance due to needle fears in children and adults.” Taddio A, Ipp M, Thivakaran S, et al. Vaccine 2012; 30;4807-4812 Web.
  7. Reduces Potential for Cross-Contamination
    Prüss-Ustün A, Rapiti E, Hutin Y (December 2005). “Estimation of the global burden of disease attributable to contaminated sharps injuries among health-care workers”. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 48 (6): 482–90.
  8. 90% Less Medication is Needed 1“Kell et al., Needles access retrospective metanalysis, orth Jour 173, pg 21: 2019”.
    Pre-market tests show that 90% less medication is needed for routine procedures, reducing the potential for medication shortages.
  9. Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. “Needle-stick Injuries Are Common But Unreported By Surgeons In Training.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 28 June 2007. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/06/070627221733.htm
  10. Elmiyeh B, Whitaker IS, James MJ, et al. “Needle-stick injuries in the National Health Service: a culture of silence.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2004;97(7):326–327.
  11. “Needlestick Injury.”WSNA.org. Washington State Nurses Association, n.d. http://www.wsna.org/Topics/Workplace-Environment-You/Workplace-Hazards/Needlestick/.
  12. United States. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Preventing Needle stick Injuries in Health Care Settings. N.p., n.d. Web.